August 1, 2012

JUDY CHICAGO: REVIEWING POWERPLAY
THE Magazine, August 2012
Susan Wilder

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JUDY CHICAGO: REVIEWING POWERPLAY
THE Magazine, August 2012
Susan Wilder

The exhibition title invites us to ReView Judy Chicago’s PowerPlay, but for many of us it’s our first time. Originally exhibited in New York City, in 1986, and greeted with silence, the works—with only a few exceptions—have been stored in Belen, New Mexico, ever since. Created between 1982 and 1986 in a gallery on Santa Fe’s Canyon Road, PowerPlay is at once protest art and message art. “I use the male body to critique masculinity,” Chicago explains. It was the beginning of her visual dialogue about how men act and an exploration of their negative use of power. This at a time when there were few gender studies and no queer theory. But it is not unusual for Chicago’s work to take decades to be understood.

The works in the PowerPlay series include paintings, drawings, weavings, bronze reliefs, and cast paper. The show at David Richard Gallery presents twenty-six of these works. Many of the paintings are massive to convey the massive aggression, massive anger, massive destruction exhibited by Chicago’s male subjects. The largest painting is nine feet by twenty-two feet, and the main gallery’s huge white walls and excellent blend of natural and artificial lighting are perfect to emphasize Chicago’s luminous over-the-rainbow colors.

Six of the works on paper are displayed in the gallery’s intimate viewing room by the front entrance. The lithograph Rather Rage than Tears (2009) frightens both in its likeness to George W. Bush and in the way Chicago portrays rage as the easier, more natural emotion for the depicted figure.

In the Shadow of the Handgun (1983) frightens in a different way. A large painting displayed in its own giant alcove, the work presents a muscular, prismatic man and his blue shadow. His right index finger is a gun that has just fired blood and smoke, which blends into the smoke from the shadow gun. What is frightening is that the man is not looking at his target; he is looking at his perpetrating hand. With determination? With disbelief? No, with pride.

Woe Man 1 (1986) is a lost wax–cast bronze bas-relief. The figure’s upturned face exposes a vulnerable throat lined with what could be muscles, wrinkles, even labial folds, as one scholar suggests. There is despair in the blue eyes. Stand to the left and this individual has given up. From the right, the figure appears even more tortured. And since wrinkly old women often look like old men, perhaps she is. Woe Man with Blue Eye #9 (1986) introduces a different element of power. Here Chicago used sprayed acrylic and oil on handcast paper. The blue eye in this case refers to the figure’s right eye. The eye itself is not blue, but Chicago has traced around it with the same vibrant blue that she uses in nearly every work in PowerPlay. The resulting outline creates the head of a hawk or an eagle overlaid onto the figure’s face. In Disfigured by Power 1(1984) it is hard to find the disfigurement. This man looks like every boss I’ve ever had, male or female. Chicago frightens me with how completely normal her subjects’ emotional extremes seem. Have we become so used to violence and abuse that it now appears normal, almost natural?

Chicago’s triptych Rainbow Man (1984)anchors the exhibition. This man presents us his gift of a rainbow, and its colors whirl around the gallery in nearly all of the other works. Gallery owner David Eichholtz, with Chicago’s blessing, arranged the art so that we are enveloped in this rainbow effect. After generously presenting the rainbow—an offer of love—in the left-hand panel, the center panel shows the man defending himself against the emotion that flows back to him. By the time we reach panel three on the right, he is overwhelmed and repulsed by the reciprocity.

Chicago’s critical images of men in PowerPlay grew out of her own frustration with how men act and what male power does to the world. Her use of the heroic male nude evolved from her first trip to Italy in 1982. “I think through making art,” she says. “I did think my way out of anger and into empathy.” For many of the paintings she used Belgian linen and a special gesso that would show the linen. They are under-painted with sprayed acrylic and over-painted with oil paint, not a medium she normally uses.

At the 1986 exhibition, PowerPlay may have been misunderstood or perhaps arrived ahead of its time. Today Chicago’s imposing male figures and opalescent colors tempt us to say that this disturbing subject matter is beautiful. But how can we?

—Susan Wider

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JUDY CHICAGO: REVIEWING POWERPLAY
THE Magazine, August 2012
Susan Wilder

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March 16, 2019
January 17, 2017
Globalocation: Celebrating 20 Years of Artnauts
J. Willard Marriott Library
The University of Utah, 01/17/2017

The University of Utah’s J. Willard Marriott Library will host the art exhibition Globalocation: Celebrating 20 Years of Artnauts, Jan. 20-March 3.

Artnauts, an art collective formed 20 years ago by George Rivera, professor of art and art history at the University of Colorado, Boulder, consists of 300 global artists who serve as goodwill ambassadors, acknowledging and supporting victims of oppression worldwide. Their creativity has generated over 230 exhibitions across five continents. Five faculty members from the U’s Department of Art and Art History are members of the collective, Sandy Brunvand, Beth Krensky, V. Kim Martinez, Brian Snapp and Xi Zhang.

Globalocation derives from “Globalocational Art” — a concept used by the Artnauts to refer to their exhibitions in international venues. It is the mission of the Artnauts to take art to places of contention, and this anniversary exhibition is a sample of places where they have been and themes they have addressed.

“The Artnauts could not exist without the commitment of the artists in the collective to a common vision of the transformative power of art,” said Rivera. “The Artnauts make their contribution with art that hopefully generates a dialogue with an international community on subjects that are sometimes difficult to raise.”

Krensky, associate department chair of the Art and Art History Department, had the opportunity to travel with Rivera in Chile as part of an Artnauts project, working with mothers who were searching for their children who had mysteriously disappeared during a time of political unrest.

“When I travelled to Chile in 1998, George and I spent an afternoon with the Mothers of the Disappeared, and the meeting changed my life,” said Krensky. “It was from that moment on that I placed a picture of them on my desk to look at every day. I was so moved by what they each had lost — a son, a brother, a father — and yet what remained for them was a deep, deep well of love. They were fierce warriors and stood up to the government to demand the whereabouts and information of the people who had disappeared, but they lived within profound love.”

The 20th anniversary exhibition at the Marriott Library is a retrospective of the traveling works the Artnauts have toured around the globe. The exhibition will be located on level three of the library. The opening reception is open to the public and will be held on Friday, Jan 20, 4-6 p.m. Rivera will speak at 4 p.m.

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