Post-Op: 'The Responsive Eye' Fifty Years After
Curated by David Eichholtz and Peter Frank
February 24 - April 11, 2015
Opening Reception: Friday, February 27, 2015, 5:00-7:00 PM

_I_Post-Op_ _The Responsive Eye_ Fifty Years After

David Richard Gallery Presents "Post-Op: 'The Responsive Eye' Fifty Years After", The First In A Series Of Exhibitions Reviewing Seminal MoMA Exhibition

Post-Op: 'The Responsive Eye' Fifty Years After, the first in a series of presentations commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the ground-breaking “Op Art” exhibition organized by William C. Seitz at the Museum of Modern Art, focuses on the aesthetic pursuits and choices during the careers of a select group of American artists who were included in The Responsive Eye. Post-Op and its successor exhibits examines the “roster” of artists from that seminal exhibition and compares and contrasts those artists’ endeavors both during and after the Op Art "craze” of the mid-1960s. The later-career work featured in the current Post-Op exhibition spans the 1970s through 2015.

Post-Op: 'The Responsive Eye' Fifty Years After inaugurates a series of shows planned by the David Richard Gallery critically analyzing and reconsidering The Responsive Eye, which debuted at MoMA in February of 1965 and traveled to several American venues over the course of a year. David Richard Gallery’s Post-Op sequence is organized by art historian, curator and critic Peter Frank and gallerist, historian and curator David Eichholtz.

Featuring more than 34 objects by 17 artists, Post-Op: 'The Responsive Eye' Fifty Years After focuses primarily on the artists and their interests in visual perception and less on the cultural phenomenon of Op Art per se. The exhibition will feature artwork by the following artists, all participants in “The Responsive Eye”:

Richard Anuszkiewicz
Hannes Beckmann
Karl Benjamin
Ernst Benkert
Francis Celentano
Thomas Downing
Lorser Feitelson
John Goodyear
Francis Hewitt
Leroy Lamis
Mon Levinson
Alexander Liberman
Ed Mieczkowski
Oli Sihvonen
Julian Stanczak
Peter Stroud
among others to be announced

Most of the artists featured in this exhibition explored issues of visual perception throughout their careers, using combinations of line, color interactions, and kinetics with diverse approaches and a variety of media to engage and challenge viewers mentally and visually. Certain artists left the geometric formal vocabulary generally favored by Op artists, pursuing gestural abstraction and material-based explorations. But they still maintained color sensibilities rooted in the Bauhaus teachings of Albers and Itten.

Subsequent exhibitions in 2015 will shift to include artwork by artists who capture the “spirit” of The Responsive Eye. The second exhibition will include American artists who were also creating “perceptual art” at the time as that historic presentation but were not included in that exhibition. The early-career artwork of these artists, challenging viewers’ perception, will be presented alongside the early work of artists who were included in the 1965 MoMA show. The third exhibition will feature artwork by contemporary artists who continue to push art into the perceptual realm with new materials and technologies that create visual sensations, immersive experiences, and viewer-active engagement. That exhibition will also feature later-career and contemporary work by artists from The Responsive Eye. The final installment of this series will turn to the international artists from Europe and Latin America who constituted a major component of that exhibition, bringing Constructivist tradition, a “concrete” aesthetic, and an experimental and often collaborative ethos to the discourse of perceptual art.


Exact Quantity Richard Anuszkiewicz
Exact Quantity
Acrylic on canvas
18 x 31 inches
Crossroad Reds Richard Anuszkiewicz
Crossroad Reds
Enamel on steel
38 x 38 x .25 inches
Nocturnal Space Hannes Beckmann
Nocturnal Space
Acrylic on canvas
24 x 30 inches
Thorny Hannes Beckmann
Oil on canvas
16.75 x 16.75 inches
_3 Karl Benjamin
Oil on canvas
48 x 60 inches
_34 Karl Benjamin
Oil on canvas
42 x 42 inches
Untitled (May) Ernst Benkert
Untitled (May)
Ink on paper
10 x 22 inches
Untitled (June30) Ernst Benkert
Untitled (June30)
Ink on paper
21 x 21 inches
Untitled (June) Ernst Benkert
Untitled (June)
Ink on paper
10 x 22 inches
Untitled (July5) Ernst Benkert
Untitled (July5)
Ink on paper
21 x 21 inches
Untitled (July14) Ernst Benkert
Untitled (July14)
Ink on paper
21 x 21 inches
Le Cirque 10 Francis Celentano
Le Cirque 10
Acrylic on canvas
60 x 84 inches
FIZI Thomas Downing
Acrylic on canvas
ca 1970
30 x 30 inches
First Sky Thomas Downing
First Sky
Acrylic on canvas
96 x 48 inches
Archimage II Lorser Feitelson
Archimage II
Acrylic on canvas board
30 x 24 inches
Untitled (October 25) Lorser Feitelson
Untitled (October 25)
Oil and enamel on canvas
72 x 60 inches
Presence John Goodyear
Acrylic on canvas with wooden dowels and monofilament
24 x 30 x 6 inches
The Light Source John Goodyear
The Light Source
Acrylic on plastic with inner lighting
24 x 24 x 6 inches
Franklin County Francis Hewitt
Franklin County
Oil and acrylic on linen
72 x 72 x 1.5 inches
Grey Illuminated Discs Francis Hewitt
Grey Illuminated Discs
Acrylic on canvas on masonite
24 x 24 inches
Op Ended Francis Hewitt
Op Ended
Acrylic on canvas on masonite
24 x 24 inches
Illuminated Discs Francis Hewitt
Illuminated Discs
Acrylic on canvas, wood stretcher, metal frame
36 x 36 x 1.75 inches
Construction _209 Leroy Lamis
Construction #209
12 x 12 x 12 inches
Untitled Leroy Lamis
Digital animation snapshot from PC
30 x 22 inches
Leroy Lamis
Digital animation snapshot from PC
31.25 x 23.25 inches
Rectangles I Mon Levinson
Rectangles I
Mixed media construction
22 x 30 inches
Prussian Blue_ Green_ Ochre and Gray Series Part 12 of 17 Mon Levinson
Prussian Blue, Green, Ochre and Gray Series Part 12 of 17
Folded and cut paper
24 x 31 x 2.5 inches
Iota II Alexander Liberman
Iota II
Oil on canvas
50 x 30.5 inches
Untitled Alexander Liberman
Oil on canvas
18 x 24 inches
Adele Ed Mieczkowski
Acrylic on board
31 x 31 inches
Blue Gantry Ed Mieczkowski
Blue Gantry
Acrylic and graphite on paper
44.5 x 32 inches
3 on Green (116) Oli Sihvonen
3 on Green (116)
Oil on canvas
81 x 17 inches
Elegy (017) Oli Sihvonen
Elegy (017)
Oil and acrylic on canvas
60 x 68 inches
Julian Stanczak
Trespass in the Dark
Acrylic on canvas
40 x 84 inches
Translucent Orange Julian Stanczak
Translucent Orange
Acrylic on canvas
36 x 36 inches
Blue on Gray Interlock Peter Anthony Stroud
Blue on Gray Interlock
Acrylic on canvas
60 x 78 inches
One at the Centre - Red Peter Anthony Stroud
One at the Centre - Red
Acrylic on canvas
72. x 72.5 inches
C143 Tadasky
Acrylic on canvas
47 x 47 inches
R103 Tadasky
Acrylic on canvas
36 x 36 inches

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